>Magento 1 vs Magento 2 – What are the superior differences?

Magento 1 vs Magento 2 – What are the superior differences?

Since the release of Magento 2 after more than four years of development on 17th November 2015, more and more store owners and firms have started to use Magento 2. Of course, Magento 2 will include more advantages than its first version-Magento 1. However, do you know what exactly the differences when you put Magento 1 vs Magento 2 comparison?

1. Technology Stack

Magento 1.0+ Magento 2.0+
API Added Retroactively API is Core to the technology
Flexible Architecture New Architecture for Speed
Open Source Open Source
No Front-end Library Ships with LESS
Legacy PHP PHP5.6+ / 7.0
No Support for HTML5/CSS3 Native Support HTML5/CSS3
RWD Theme Included RWD Theme Included
Weak Content Staging Advanced Content Staging
Sub-Par Search (SOLR) Elastic Search (Commerce Edition)
External PayPal In-Site PayPal Experience
Secure Bridge PCI Compliance Hosted Fields
Minimal Video Features Integrated Video (PDP)
Full Page Cache (EE) FPC (Commerce Edition)/Varnish
Severe DB Locking Issues Zero Table Locking (Checkout)
Decent Automated Tests Better Automated Tests
JS – Prototype JS – Jquery
Stale Admin Panel (Backoffice) Fresh New Design in Admin
No Data Grid Customizable Data Grid for Catalog
Admin Non-Responsive Responsive Admin Panel
EE Pricing by License Commerce Edition Pricing by Order Volume
5-12 Month Project Cycle Claimed 4-8 Month Project Cycle
Legacy Checkout Streamlined Checkout Process
Popular Payment & Shipping Methods Same Payment & Shipping Methods
“Wild West” Extension Market Rigorous Extension Testing
Connect Store New “Marketplace”

Notable Key Differences:

  • PHP

Magento 2 is built by using PHP 5.5 and 5.6 by default. Also, it will also work with PHP 7. As a result, Magento 2 platform will run much faster and significantly a coding routine.

  • PSR

Magento 2 technology stack includes from PSR-0 to PSR-4. (PSR-0: the default autoloading standard; PSR-1: basic coding standards; PSR-2: coding style guide; PSR-3: logger interface allowing admin to write reusable code independent from any essential logging implementation; PSR-4: PSR-0 replacement).

  • HTML5

HTML5 is the newest version HTML code, which is applied in Magento 2. HTML5 helps to simplify development and presents potential abilities to become a vital Magento 2 technology stack component.

  • CSS3 (LESS pre-processor)

Magento 2 uses LESS and CSS in the theme core. LESS preprocessor and LESS PHP adapter enable the use of LESS inside the platform. In turns, links from CSS source files are resolved and replaced with the correct ones by CSS URL.

  • JQuery

JQuery is a quick, lightweight, and various features JavaScript library incorporated in Magento 2 by default.

  • RequireJS

RequireJS is a file and module loader optimized for in-browser use, it enhances the speed and quality of the code.

  • Nginx

Nginx is a reverse proxy server for such protocols as HTTPS, HTTP,  POP3, SMTP, and IMAP. Nginx also is a load balancer, an HTTP cache, and an origin web server.

  • MySQL

MySQL helps to save time and money powering your high-volume Magento 2 project. It is used during the re-indexing process.

  • Gulp

Gulp supports much faster-building processes and streamlines deployment. It was developed to connect community-developed micro-tasks in mind.

  • Twig

Twig is a fast, flexible and secures PHP template engine supported in Magento 2.

2. Performance

In the e-commerce industry, nearly half of the consumers always expect a website to load in 2 seconds or less. About forty percent of the online shopper will abandon a web page that takes longer than 3s to load!

Magento 2 loading time even faster than the standard 2-3 seconds. The homepage, category pages, and product pages load in less than 1.5 seconds, that even without using frontend caching. Comparison of Magento 1 vs Magento 2 in performance, Magento 2 is no doubt the winner.

Magento 1 vs Magento 2 Loading speed comparison by dev.to
Magento 1 vs Magento 2 Loading speed comparison by dev.to

With the new, streamlined checkout, the checkout process of Magento 2 has become much more comfortable and faster for customers. Checkout is available for guests without registration, and Magento 2 automatically identifies registered customers based on their email addresses. Registering after the checkout process is also an option, and the process has also been simplified. According to dev.to, Magento 2 checkout is 38% faster than Magento 1.

Magento 1 vs Magento 2 Checkout speed comparison by dev.to
Magento 1 vs Magento 2 Checkout speed comparison by dev.to

3. Frontend- Backend

3.1. Backend

  • In the backend, the newest display is divided as its primary functions. Therefore it is easy and friendly to use.

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (3)

  • Admin Dashboard displays useful information and allows finding in stores.

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (4)

  • New indexer system

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (5)

  • Full page cache and varnish cache are combined.

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (6)

  • Additional functions: Product video

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (7)

  • Minify CSS, JS

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (8)

  • The system upgrade tools are designed with more friendly and allow users easy to manage and change as their wishes.

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (9)

  • The new inherited theme mechanism allows users to customize theme at ease and reduces the recoding problems.  In addition, Magento includes new import/export systems in its version 2.

Magento 1 versus Magento 2 (10)

3.2. Frontend

Magento 2 includes more useful features when comparing with Magento 1. For highlight.

  • Magento 2 adds ajax cart, one-page checkout which provides quick and convenient checkout step.
  • Magento 2 has responsive web design – users can easily access the store via any desktop or mobile device.
  • Faster frontend performance. Website visitors will not have to wait for full page load to see the primary content.

4. Extensions

There are a lot of Third party extensions available in the market for Magento 1. However, Installing Magento 1 extension can take a lot of time, even for professional developers. Furthermore, conflicts between Magento 1 extensions are resolved manually which costs time and efforts.

For Magento 2, plugins allow code to overlap core code rather than override it. Hence, the process has become more straightforward, as well as the frontend development, and the functionality can be modified more easily too, thanks to HTML5, Less, require.js, and CSS3.

Check out Magento 1 ExtensionMagento 2 Extensions from BSS Commerce.

5. The support from Magento

Magento 1 support is initially planned to end in November 2018, now extended by at least 18 months. The support is mostly related to security patches, and important fixes are coming for Magento 1 anymore. The risk for Magento 1 users is that there might be an increase in the number of malicious software that target vulnerabilities discovered after the release of the last security patches.

Surely there will be no innovation, new feature or improvement for Magento 1 also. All Magento’s workforce is now concentrated on Magento 2 development and growth, to provide the new world-class ecommerce platform with better speed, security, and performance.

6. Should you move to Magento 2?

It is hard to answer this question about how and what is the right time to upgrade a website to Magento 2 because it depends on many factors.

Firstly, if your site is performing well with the current version of Magento, you are not urgent to upgrade Magento 2. However, you still need to explore about Magento 2 and check whether your site is ready to be upgraded.

In addition, if you want to create a dynamic change in your site or your current Magento platform is not too updated, it’s time for you to install and use Magento 2 platform.

To update Magento 2, you really need to take care of some main following problems:

  • You should make a detailed plan to upgrade your website because upgrading a website should be done logically and followed reasonable steps to ensure your site can run smoothly.
  • Clear understanding and detailed budgeting plan are also necessary. As you know, Magento 2 is the newest version of Magento platform, when you upgrade your website with Magento 2, you need to promote every extension to conform with Magento 2 platform. This can take a large amount of investment with the requirements that all recommended extensions are ready to be installed to support your site.

With two main recommendations as above, you should make a clear strategy before making final decisions, especially with Magento 2, which can create a big revolution to your website in a positive or negative effect!